Tom Harrison, the ECB chief executive, also joined in the condemnation on behalf of English cricket.
"We, like the wider sporting world, are disgusted and appalled at the actions taken in revealing the tragic events from Ben's past," he said. "We are saddened that an intrusion of this magnitude was deemed necessary in order to sell newspapers or secure clicks.
"Ben's exploits this summer have cemented his place in cricket's history - we are sure the whole sport, and the country, stands behind him in support.''
In a statement, The Sun insisted the paper had the "utmost sympathy" for Stokes and his mother, but said that they had received the co-operation of a family member in compiling the story.
"The tragedy is also a matter of public record and was the subject of extensive front-page publicity in New Zealand at the time," the newspaper added.